My view on the "Fermi paradox" is not that there is a single filter, cutting ~10 orders of magnitude (ie, from 10 billions of planets in our galaxy with could have a life to just one), but more a combination of many small filters, each taking their cuts.

I don't think that the Great Filter implies only one filter, but I think that if you're multiplying several numbers together and they come out to at least 10^10, it's likely that at least one of the numbers is big. (And if one of the numbers is big, that makes it less necessary for the other numbers to be big.)

Put another way, it seems more likely to me that there is one component filter of size 10^6 than two component filters each of size 10^3, both of which seem much more likely than that there are 20 component filters of size 2.

*2 points [-]